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Virginia’s First Multi-Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Provided by USDA

A standing room only crowd welcomed Congressman Rick Boucher of the 9th District in Virginia and Ellen M. Davis, State Director for Rural Development at the January 12th funding event in Wytheville, Virginia. The ceremony highlighted the very first USDA Guaranteed Multi-Family Housing loan in the state. “The new High Meadows Town Homes fill a great need in our community-the need for high quality, affordable rental housing” said Congressman Boucher during his remarks.

The new town homes were financed by a $2.1 million dollar guaranteed multi-family housing loan made by Lancaster Pollard Mortgage Service.  Carl Wagner representing the mortgage service said, “We are delighted to assist in this first guaranteed venture in Virginia and that this is only the beginning of this type of relationship as Lancaster and Pollard will be looking to financing many more complexes in the future.”

The total cost of the project is over $9 million dollars and will provide 60 new modern, energy efficient one, two and three bedroom apartments to the Wytheville main street corridor. The Town Manage for Wytheville, Wayne Sutherland, was also on hand and remarked, “Our small town has grown over the years and the new town homes will be necessary for our continued prosperity as a growing rural community.”

Accepting the funding certificate was Mark Kinser, CEO of High Meadows Associates based in Radford, Virginia.

Submitted by Vern Orrell, Assistant to the State Director, USDA Rural Development, VA

Wyoming Jobs Forum Held in Casper

Approximately 25 Wyoming residents attended a forum on job creation that was hosted by USDA Rural Development and the Farm Service Agency. The forum was held at a hotel in Casper on January 12th, 2010 as a follow up to President Obama’s December 3rd White House briefings on job creation. Read more »

Vilsack Returns from Afghanistan Assured of Progress

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack returned to the United States today after a three-day trip to Afghanistan.

Vilsack delivered some good news to Afghans by announcing that USDA would provide up to $20 million for capacity building efforts within Afghanistan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), the department responsible for managing that country’s agricultural economy.  The funding, said Vilsack, is not guaranteed, and MAIL must continue to demonstrate its commitment to transparency.

“After decades of conflict, Afghanistan lacks many of the personnel and knowledge resources needed to deliver much-needed services to its people, more than 80 percent of whom rely on agriculture for wages and sustenance,” he said. “Today’s commitment with MAIL will help Afghanistan’s government build critical capacity at the local level in agricultural extension and expertise.”Secretary Vilsack pays tribute to USDA employee Tom Stafani who was killed in Afghanistan in October 2007.

In delivering his announcement, Vilsack met with Asif Rahimi, Afghanistan’s Minister of Agriculture, and plainly laid out to his counterpart how MAIL could avail itself of up to $20 million in fun
ding from USDA by clearly establishing reconstruction goals aimed at boosting agricultural productivity, rebuilding agribusiness, improving irrigation, creating jobs, and enhancing technologies. U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry, offered his support of the announcement.

Yesterday, Vilsack also paid tribute to USDA employee Steven “Tom” Stefani, who was killed in Afghanistan in October 2007 while serving as an agricultural expert in Ghazn provincei.

In a tribute ceremony at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Vilsack laid a wreath at the base of a memorial for Stefani. He then announced that USDA would establish the “Tom Stefani Award for Reconstruction and Stabilization in Fragile States” to one or more employees as a way to recognize their efforts to rebuild the agricultural sectors of post-conflict countries.

Before his death, Stefani had wanted to build a playground for the children of Ghazni. His family, to honor that memory, set about collecting contributions toward purchasing playground equipment.  USDA is helping to expedite shipping of the equipment.

An American chestnut tree outside of USDA’s Whitten Building in Washington is dedicated to Stefani, a man “who died serving his country, helping the people of Ghazni, Afghanistan to build better lives.”

View photos of the Secretary’s trip to Afghanistan here.

USDA Science Unlocks the Genetic Secrets of the Soybean

Today, the work of scientists from the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), our State Land Grant Universities, and the Department of Energy (DOE) is featured as the cover story in the prestigious science journal, Nature.  I am very proud and excited that USDA science played an important part in unlocking the genetic secrets of one of the world’s most important crops, the soybean.

Together these scientists have compiled a “blueprint” of all the genetic material contained in the soybean plant.  The soybean “blueprint”, which is freely available online, will allow scientists from around the world to locate genes that control and enhance important quality traits in soybeans, like protein and oil, and agronomic traits like yield, drought tolerance, and the plant’s ability to resist pests and diseases.

USDA’s Soybean Germplasm CollectionThis blueprint will let plant scientists find genes much faster and speed up development of different and improved types of soybean. With the basic genetic blueprint in hand, the next step will be for scientists to compare the basic design to others, looking for genetic variations associated with particular traits. This is where USDA’s collection of more than 20,000 different types of soybeans will be crucial. Researchers can compare different cultivars to the blueprint, searching for genes associated with desirable traits. Once new genetic associations are identified, scientists can use the information to create better soybeans. Soybeans that can extract more nitrogen from the atmosphere, which means less fertilizer and fewer greenhouse gas emissions. Soybeans with more protein for livestock feed and better nutrition for consumers. Better soy oil for food processors; soybeans with less linolenic acid that doesn’t require hydrogenation, a process which produces unhealthy trans-fats. And even soybeans with more oil designed specifically for biodiesel or biobased applications.

An important food crop in Asia for thousands of years, today soybeans are the largest source of protein and the second largest source of vegetable oil in the world so improving soybeans has important implications for food security.  Soy products are found in numerous foods including milk and meat substitutes, soy flour, and tofu. Soybeans also have many non-food uses including environment-friendly plastics, inks, lubricants, and solvents.

Although soybeans have only been commercially grown in the U.S. since the 1920s, we are now the world’s leading soybean producer and exporter.  The U.S. soybean crop has a farm value of about $27 billion, the second-highest value among U.S.-produced crops, second only to corn. Soybeans are also an important export commodity for American farmers accounting for about 43 percent of production in 2008. And while our research on the soybean genome has great potential to improve food security, it will also help keep American farmers competitive.

The research to decode the soybean genome is the product of a multiagency, multi-institutional effort led by scientists at the DOE Joint Genome Institute, the University of Missouri-Columbia, USDA, and Purdue University, with additional financial support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Dr. Perry Cregan and his team from the ARS Soybean Genomics and Improvement Lab in Beltsville, MD

Other USDA and university scientists involved include USDA scientists from the ARS Soybean Genomics and Improvement Lab in Beltsville, Maryland, and researchers at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Since the first plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, a small flowering plant in the mustard family, was sequenced in 2000 and the human genome was first sequenced in 2003, scientists have learned a great deal about the role of genes. However, sequencing the genome is but a first step. The genome of an organism is no more than a list of parts. More research is needed to discover the functions and interactions of the genes in order to understand the workings of the entire organism.

ARS Geneticist David Hyten harvests leaf tissue from one of many plant progenies derived from the cross of the soybean cultivar Williams 82 with a wild soybean. The soybean genome project is one of many genome sequencing projects of agriculturally important plants and animals being carried out by USDA and other scientists.  Other projects include sequencing corn, rice, wheat, sorghum, cow, pig, sheep, and honeybee genomes.  Just this week USDA scientists and others announced they had sequenced the genome of the woodland strawberry, a model system for a group of plants within the Rosaceae family which includes many economically important fruit, nut, ornamental and woody crops, such as almond, apple, peach, cherry, raspberry, strawberry and rose.

Research to understand genomes is a vital investment in our future to ensure our farmers can continue to meet the world’s needs for food, feed, fiber, and bioenergy in the face of climate change, emerging pest and disease threats, and a growing population.  The knowledge from this research will translate into new technologies and products that will benefit not only farmers and producers but also people the world over.  USDA science will be crucial to our success.

Molly Jahn is USDA’s Acting Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics