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Tribes Remember the Nome Cult Trail

Members of the Round Valley Indian Tribe retrace the 1863 route of the Nome Cult walk, a forced relocation of Indians from Chico, Calif., to Covelo, Calif. (U.S. Forest Service)

Members of the Round Valley Indian Tribe retrace the 1863 route of the Nome Cult walk, a forced relocation of Indians from Chico, Calif., to Covelo, Calif. (U.S. Forest Service)

Many of us may think of the forest as a place to reflect upon times long past. There may even be a bit of nostalgia in those ruminations. Yet for members of the Round Valley Tribes, a recent walk through the Mendocino National Forest in California was more than a time to contemplate—it was a time to remember an agonizing event in history.

This autumn marked the 150th anniversary of the Nome Cult Walk, a forced relocation of 461 Native Americans from Chico, Calif., to the Nome Cult Reservation, near Covelo, Calif. Only 277 of those completed the forced march that passed through what is the heart of today’s Mendocino National Forest. Those who did not complete the journey were too sick to go on, some escaped, and others were killed.

The Nome Cult Walk was one of several military-enforced relocations of Native Americans throughout California in the mid-1800s. During those moves, Native Americans were not only taken from their tribal lands, but were also forced to live with many different tribes. Sometimes those people forced to live together had been longtime rivals. One result of the Nome Cult Walk relocation was the creation of the Round Valley Indian Tribes. This federally recognized tribe exists today and includes the Yuki, Wailacki, Concow, Little Lake Pomo, Nomlacki, Pit River, Maidu and Nissinan tribes.

Nearly two decades ago, descendants of the Nome Cult Walk began an annual commemoration of the 1863 forced relocation of their ancestors. September 2013 marked the 18th year that members of the Round Valley Indian Tribes retraced the original 100-mile route across the Sacramento Valley through the rugged North Coast Ranges. Three generations of Native Americans partook in this year’s tribute.

“It is important that our youngest members take part in this annual event,” said Kenneth Wright, president of the Round Valley Indian Tribes. “The theme of the walk is ‘Honor Their Memory–A Path Not Forgotten.’”

Eduardo Olmedo (left), Grindstone District Ranger, and Kenneth Wright, Round Valley Indian Tribes President, enjoy the shade after a morning of hiking the Nome Cult trail on the Mendocino National Forest. (U.S. Forest Service/Denise Adamic)

Eduardo Olmedo (left), Grindstone District Ranger, and Kenneth Wright, Round Valley Indian Tribes President, enjoy the shade after a morning of hiking the Nome Cult trail on the Mendocino National Forest. (U.S. Forest Service/Denise Adamic)

Not all of the participants hiked — some offered moral support, made camp, or cooked meals for the walkers. At the culmination of the weeklong event, the entire group descended into Covelo for various celebrations sponsored by the Round Valley Indian Tribes. The closing celebrations served as a meaningful way to end the week of remembrance.

“While the Nome Cult Trail is a tragic chapter in our state’s history, it is also a story about the resilience and strength of California Indians,” said Mendocino Forest Supervisor Sherry Tune. “It is an important legacy for their decedents and for all Californians.”

November is Native American Heritage Month and the theme is “Guiding our destiny with heritage and tradition.  The Mendocino National Forest encompasses over 913,000 acres of rugged landscape in northwestern California, and is a three-hour drive north from San Francisco. It is the only one of California’s 18 national forests not crossed by a paved road or highway.

Three generations of Native Americans commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Nome Cult Walk. Not all of the participants hike—some provide moral support, make camp, or cook meals for those who trek the 100-mile route. (U.S. Forest Service/Denise Adamic)

Three generations of Native Americans commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Nome Cult Walk. Not all of the participants hike—some provide moral support, make camp, or cook meals for those who trek the 100-mile route. (U.S. Forest Service/Denise Adamic)

2 Responses to “Tribes Remember the Nome Cult Trail”

  1. Forest says:

    wow, that is unbelievable

  2. Bobbie Jo Henry says:

    This is just one of California tribal remembrances. I know of another – there is also a trail travelled between Yosemite and Lee Vining, CA too. My Son went on one and young people were advised not to take candy with them. Of course, being young people, some couldn’t resist and did take candy. At the beginning, the Indian leaders made the young people dump their candy out before the walk could begin. Before long, some young people began to complain. One of the leaders, known as Tucker, a vet, took them to a pine tree and hit the trunk with his fist. Some grubs fell out and he picked them up, bit off the head, and ate the rest. He said that was Indian candy. No more complaints were heard about the food that trip. Our California tribes have their own histories as well as modern experiences. When providing environmental and cultural responses, to get a full picture, contact tribal representatives to satisfy federal consultation requirements as well as Bureau of Indian Affairs archaeologists, etc. It’s important to know and preserve as much as possible.

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