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USDA Innovations to Reduce Food Waste Help the Farmers’ Bounty Go Farther

An assortment of vegetables

In the United States, 31 percent of the available food supply in 2010 went uneaten. The estimated value of this food loss was $161.6 billion using retail prices.

This post is part of the Science Tuesday feature series on the USDA blog. Check back each week as we showcase stories and news from USDA’s rich science and research portfolio.

We’re all fortunate to live in a country that has one of the most productive and efficient food production systems in the world.  The United States produces over 430 billion pounds of food each year.  However, nearly a third of the food produced by farmers goes uneaten, representing $161.6 billion.  That’s enough food waste to fill 44 Sears Towers every year.  To meet this challenge, USDA scientists are developing innovative programs and using cutting-edge research to reduce food waste on the farm, on supermarket shelves, and in the home.

So where is food being lost?  It is difficult to measure exactly how much food people, retailers, and restaurants are throwing away without going through everyone’s garbage, so USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) developed the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Data (LAFA) Series, which gives a proxy for consumption and loss for over 200 types of food at the retail and consumer levels.

Food can also be lost on the farm when farmers don’t have adequate storage facilities to hold their freshly harvested food.  In August 2015, USDA expanded the Farm Storage Facility Loan Program to provide low-cost loans for on-farm storage facilities for all kinds of farmers.  This helps the food from being damaged by pests, pathogens, and weather so that more can reach store shelves.

But the story doesn’t end there.  USDA scientists are also working on ways to keep foods from going bad when they are on grocery store shelves, for example by increasing fresh-cut vegetable shelf-life.  The scientists looked at 50 types of commercially available peppers to identify the most promising candidates for future breeding projects.  They chose peppers that were most resistant to fluid leakage after being cut, which leads to the peppers staying firmer longer and reduces the chance of microbial growth.  USDA scientists also found genetic markers in lettuce that could enable cut lettuce to stay fresh for a month instead of wilting after just a week or two.

Even safe, quality, and good-looking foods may go to waste if a “sell-by” or “best-by” date is passed.  That’s why USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service recently updated its safe-storage and date-labeling information and, in partnership with the Food Marketing Institute and Cornell University, launched a FoodKeeper App to help consumers figure out when a food that’s past its labeled “sell by” date may still be perfectly safe to eat.

Through economic modeling, targeted financial investments, translational research, and consumer tools, USDA is committed to reducing food waste with integrated, innovative programs throughout the Department.

4 Responses to “USDA Innovations to Reduce Food Waste Help the Farmers’ Bounty Go Farther”

  1. Rod Averbuch says:

    Food waste is a lose-lose situation for the environment, the struggling families in today’s tough economy and for the food retailers. Fortunately, there are new ways to reduce fresh food waste.
    The new open GS1 DataBar barcode standard enables new food waste reduction applications that allow automatic progressive purchasing incentives for fresh perishables approaching their expiration dates. These applications also eliminate labor-intensive manual relocation and promotional labeling of the promoted perishable lots.
    An example of such an application is the “End Grocery Waste” App. This GS1 DataBar based application encourages efficient consumer shopping behavior that makes fresh food affordable for all families, maximizes grocery retailer revenue, and effectively reduces the global carbon footprint.

  2. name says:

    Great post!

  3. Lyubov says:

    Are there any plans to implement a food waste program such as what was recently started in France, where large grocery retailers must sign (or, maybe better in the United States, have incentives to sign) contracts with local food banks and charities?
    Such as:

    I know many large grocery stores already do this, but since it is voluntary, maybe an incentive (tax break?) would encourage more companies to sign up for it.
    Also, is that something the USDA would consider within their scope to propose or would that be another agency?

  4. Vic Cherikoff says:

    My company won an Australian Food Innovation Award for Herbal-Active which naturally extends the shelf life of fresh produce using essential oils from edible herbs and spices. It offers a way for retailers and consumers to save food, money and reduce waste while also making their food safer because it kills food pathogens too.

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